Global states of consciousness

What Is Minimal About Minimal Phenomenal Experience?

Minimal phenomenal experience (MPE) has been defined as "the simplest form in which a state can be phenomenally conscious" (Windt 2015) or "the simplest form of conscious experience" (Metzinger 2020). These definitions assume that MPE scores on the …

Making Sense of Selflessness

A number of psychoactive compounds are known to disrupt self-consciousness dramatically at high doses – a phenomenon known as "drug-induced ego dissolution" (DIED) in the scientific literature. Until recently, much of our knowledge of this phenomenon …

The multi-dimensional approach to drug-induced states: A commentary on Bayne and Carter’s “Dimensions of consciousness and the psychedelic state”

Bayne and Carter argue that the mode of consciousness induced by psychedelic drugs does not fit squarely within the traditional account of modes as levels of consciousness, and favor instead a multi-dimensional account according to which modes of …

The varieties of selflessness

Many authors argue that conscious experience involves a sense of self or self-consciousness. According to the strongest version of this claim, there can be no *selfless states of consciousness*, namely states of consciousness that lack …

Dimensions of Consciousness in Drug-induced States

The Varieties of Selflessness