Self-consciousness

The varieties of selflessness

Many authors argue that conscious experience involves a sense of self or self-consciousness. According to the strongest version of this claim, there can be no *selfless states of consciousness*, namely states of consciousness that lack …

From Molecules to Consciousness: Philosophy and the Natural Sciences in Dialogue

Scientists traditionally use self-report questionnaires to assess the subjective effects of psychoactive drugs in the lab and determine how these effects relate to neuroimaging data. I will suggest that such questionnaires have important …

Are There Degrees of Self-Consciousness?

It is widely assumed that ordinary conscious experience involves some form of sense of self or consciousness of oneself. Moreover, this claim is often restricted to a 'thin' or 'minimal' notion of self-consciousness, or even 'the simplest form of …

Are There Degrees of Self-Consciousness?

It is widely assumed that ordinary conscious experience involves some form of sense of self or consciousness of oneself. Moreover, this claim is often restricted to a “thin” or “minimal” notion of self-consciousness, or even “the simplest form of …

The Varieties of Selflessness

Psychedelics, Meditation and Self-Consciousness

In recent years, the scientific study of meditation and psychedelic drugs has seen remarkable developments. The increased focus on meditation in cognitive neuroscience has led to a cross-cultural classification of standard meditation styles validated …

Being Somewhere: A Situated Account of Minimal Phenomenal Selfhood

Looking for the self: Phenomenology, neurophysiology and philosophical significance of drug-induced ego dissolution

There is converging evidence that high doses of hallucinogenic drugs can produce significant alterations of self-experience, described as the dissolution of the sense of self and the loss of boundaries between self and world. This article discusses …

Drug-Induced Ego Dissolution: Physiological Correlates and Philosophical Implications

Distortions of self-experience are a central feature of many altered states of consciousness, from acute psychosis to the psychedelic experience and states of mystical consciousness. In psychedelic states a reduction in the normally …

Empirical Challenges to Subjectivity Theories of Consciousness